Cheddar cheese Jump to: navigation , search Cheddar
Country of origin native of Great Britain Region, city native to Cheddar Milk cow Name from - change The cheddar cheese is pale yellow to taste. He free ipad is from the English village of Cheddar in Somerset . It comes in different varieties in several countries: United Kingdom , Ireland , Canada , USA , South Africa , New Zealand , Australia and Sweden . It is most often mass produced and quality varies greatly from variety to variety. The taste develops over time, enough to encourage producers to mention its ‘strength’: soft, medium, high and extra-strong, or its period of maturation.
This cheese is sold mainly in the form of a brick or grains. In the milk basins in which it appears, it tends to form clumps cigar-shaped twisted, which are commonly denver martial arts called “grains.” To create the bricks, the grains are heated, pressed and cut into blocks. These blocks are then stacked, thereby letting the whey .
The AOC West Country Farmhouse Cheddar requires the use of ingredients harvested from the four English counties shown on this map. This type of cheese is so widespread that it is now impossible to hugs a designation of origin. However, the EU recognizes the name West Country Farmhouse Cheddar . t shirt design To keep it, the cheese must be made in the traditional manner using local ingredients from four counties in south-west of England . The color of the cheese is often modified by using food coloring . The annatto , extracted from a locksmiths tropical tree, is often added to give the orange color. It is not known exactly how old this practice, as the reasons that prompted him to do so. There are three theories: ensure consistency in the color of cheese from batch to batch; help the buyer to choose the kind of Denver Divorce Lawyer cheese it is not identified; identify the region of production. Probably the best-selling cheese on the planet, it was originally packaged in black wax, although this practice is now limited to Europe and maintained by cheese artisans. In the U.S., there whole life insurance quotes are different varieties: classic, New York, Colby / Longhorn, white and Vermont. New York has a strong taste, sometimes with an odor of smoke. The flavor of Colby / Longhorn is between the soft instant payday loans and medium. The grains are visible as yellow colored cream. Uncolored cheddar cheese is often called white cheddar or cheddar from Vermont, whether or not produced in the state of Vermont . This cheese is a food regularly monitored by the cash advance USDA solar panels ( United States Department of Agriculture ) to observe the dairy industry . This organization produces weekly reports on prices and quantities produced. In the United States, the Wisconsin produces the most of this cheese. Other important places are located in the State affiliate marketing ebook of New York , in Vermont and Tillamook in Oregon . Its production is also important to Canada , where he was located at the XIX th century to supply the UK market, before quickly penetrate the local market. We can distinguish the varieties of mild cheddar, medium or high, depending on age. The mild cheddar version it offers “yellow” or cheddar “white.” The aged cheddars are usually white. Food intake Cheddar is a good source of vitamin B12 . A portion of 40 g contains about 0.5 mg . 100 g of cheddar up about 380 Kcal 1 . The largest known cheese
Historians of the White House claim that the United States President Andrew Jackson held a party where a block of 1,400 pounds ( 635 kg ) of Cheddar cheese was served as an appetizer. A block of 7000 pounds (3175 kg) was produced in
Ingersoll, Ontario in 1866 and exhibited in New York and Britain . He is immortalized by the poetry denver injury lawyer of Canadian James McIntyre , Ode on the Mammoth Cheese Weighing over 7.000 Pounds . A larger block was produced in Wisconsin , 34,951 pounds (15,853 kg), the New York World’s Fair in 1964 . To produce, it is estimated that it took daily milk production of 16,000 cows . Anecdotes
Sections “Trivia”, “Other details”, “Did you know? “ and Discount Judaica products so on. may be inappropriate in the articles . To improve this article should be, if these facts are of encyclopedic interest and are properly sourced , to integrate them into other sections. A roll under the hand of Henry II of England says Phen375 the purchase of 10,420 pounds (the pound avoirdupois, as the pound troy does not exist at that time, it was probably tower of books, which gives about 3650 kg). In Australia , it is often called Tasty cheese , which can be translated as “cheese that has taste.” Cheddar fresh, grain, is a key ingredient of poutine in Quebec. Popular culture
In the first film in the animated series Wallace & Gromit Aardman Studios called A Grand Day Out (A Grand Day Out) (1989), is their excessive taste for cheddar pushing our two heroes, Wallace and distracted discrete Gromit, to build a rocket to go to the moon, which, as everyone knows, is a huge cheese …
Cheese Jump to: navigation , search
Stall a commercial cheese
Slices and pieces of County
Gondola cheeses cut and packaged in a large area ( E. Leclerc ). The cheese is a food made from milk coagulated or dairy products like cream, then a drip or not followed by fermentation and possibly refining (cheeses). The cheese is made from cow’s milk mostly, but also sheep , the goat , the buffalo or other mammals . The milk is acidified , typically with a bacterial culture . An enzyme , the rennet or a substitute such as the acetic acid or vinegar , then Assistant to cause coagulation and milk to form curds and whey 1 . Some cheeses have the mold or on the outer crust, either inside or on the crust and the inside. Hundreds of types of cheese are produced in the world . Their different styles, tastes and textures depend on the origin of the milk (including the diet of the animal), its heat treatment ( raw milk , heat treated or pasteurized ), the percentage of fat , species of bacteria and mold selected from the manufacturing process, and the maturation time. Of herbs , and spices , or smoking can be used to chiropractic marketing vary the taste. For a few cheeses, the milk is curdled with an acidic agent , such as vinegar or juice of weight loss pills lemon . Most cheeses are ppi reclaim acidified to a lesser degree with bacteria converting the lactose into lactic acid , the curd being provided by the addition of rennet . Cheese is a staple food rich in fat , protein , calcium and phosphorus for long-life compared web hosting review to the shelf life of milk from which it is made.
The word cheese
French regulatory definition The decree of 27 April 2007 2 defines “cheese” as reserved for “non fermented product obtained by coagulating milk, cream or a mixture thereof, followed by draining” . The features on the dry, the fat content and origin of the milk, must appear on the label. Fresh cheeses (cottage cheese, Swiss, half salt …) are rich in water (70% to 82%), and do not undergo ripening. The minimum dry matter in cheese other than fresh, is set at 23%. It is permitted to add a qualifier to the word cheese: a “triple cream” contains at least 75% fat, a “double cream” contains 60% less than 75% a “fat cheese” , 50 % to less than 60%, a “light cheese” (and no added sugar) from 20% to less than 30% a “fat cheese” , less than 20%. The cheeses are produced on the farm to farm, the milk that it produces only. The words “fat unspecified” is then allowed. The words “raw milk” is reserved for cheeses obtained from milk from which the temperature did not reach beyond 40 ° C. Since 20 June 1992 (Decree of 19 February 1991 ), all the cheeses produced on the farm, refined, must indicate a date for optimal use (BBD), fresh cheese and a hcg diet reviews use-by date (DLC). Etymology
Cheese in a market Basel ( Switzerland ) The French word “cheese” is derived from the Old French “ Forming “by metathesis (interchange between two phonemes). Note also the Latin “ forma “which means a cheese mold. The term “forming” as the Italian formaggio , the Walloon froumadje , Occitan formatge , Breton formaj No one comes from the Latin formaticum which means “what is done in a form” we traced in “ants”, name of the current regional language Forez , of Auvergne (within the meaning of the former province ) and Rouergue and taken up by the trade names of certain cheese specialties such territorial areas. “[Cheese] (…) shall (v. 1135) to a low Latin (Caseus) formaticus “(cheese) made in a form,” formaticus derived from the classical Latin training . “Cheese,” next to the expected form “shaping” documented in 1180, comes from a metathesis who posted the word’s origin. ” - Robert The Historical Dictionary of the French language , (ed.) Alain Rey, Oxford University Press, Paris, new ed. January 1994, Volume I, p. 848 Words Spanish queso , Italian cacio , Portuguese queijo and Romanian case and the word German Käse come from Latin Caseus , which in French gave casein (late formation) 3 . Words English cheese , Irish cais , Breton keus n 1 and the word Welsh caws are related to Caseus . These words seem to come from a common Indo-European root -KWAT . In English the word cheese comes from chese in Middle English and cies or cese in Old English . Similar words are shared by other West Germanic languages - West Frisian tsiis , Dutch kaas , German Käse , Old High German chasi – which probably came from the common root kasjus an alternative borrowed from Latin. The Latin word Caseus is also the origin of the word Malay Keju (debt to the Portuguese word queijo ). History
Cheese in the Middle Ages (illustration of xiv th century). Cheese is a food whose origins former border the prehistory . There is no hard evidence showing the first places of cheese either in Europe , Central Asia or the Middle East but the practice became widespread in Europe before the time of Ancient Rome . According to Pliny the Elder , the practice has advanced during the period of ancient Rome.
Cheese strainers old terracotta manufactured Saint-Jean-du-Bruel for cheese from sheep’s milk ( Pérail farm and roquefort ). Dates place the origins of the cheese around 8000 before the common era (when the sheep were domesticated around 3000). The first cheeses were probably made by people from the Middle East or by Bins tribes of nomadic Turkish in Central Asia . The skins and internal organs are then used for storage and transportation of food, it is likely that the process of cheese making Criminal Defense Attorney Chicago was discovered accidentally by storing milk in a container made from a stomach of animal, resulting in the transformation of milk into curds and whey due to the natural presence of rennet in the stomach. The legend has several variants 4 , 5 . Another hypothesis suggests that the cheese has started regardless of the consequences of salting and pressing milk to ensure its preservation. The finding that milk curdles in the stomach of an animal then probably led to the addition of rennet . The oldest traces archaeological of cheese found date from the time of ancient Egypt , found on murals in tombs dating from 2000 BCE 6 . The first cheese to be sour and salty, similar in texture to cottage or feta . The cheeses produced in casino Europe , where the climate is colder in the Middle East, required less salted for preservation. Is less salty and less acidic, the cheese varieties have become an environment for the development of bacteria and mold, giving them a taste and texture. At all times, making cheese corresponded to the most popular milk processing. Ancient Greek and Roman period
Cheese in a market in Italy The Greek mythology ascribes the discovery of cheese Aristaeus . The Odyssey of Homer ( viii th century- vi th century BC. ) describes the Cyclops making and storing of cheese milk sheep and goats . In the days of ancient Rome , the cheese was an everyday food, and manufacture an art whose technique is similar to that used today. The treaty re rustica Libri of Columella (enviro 65 AD) describes a manufacturing process using coagulation of milk by rennet, pressing the curd, salting and aging. Pliny the Elder dedicated in his work Natural History (77 AD) a chapter (XI, 97) describing the Professional Development For Teachers diversity of types of cheeses enjoyed by Romans of the first Empire . He writes that “The cheese most esteemed in Rome, where it is determined in the presence electronic cigarette review of each other productions of all countries, is among the cheeses of the provinces, that which comes from the region of Nîmes, Lozère and the Gevaudan ” 7 , 8 . However, he said that the cheese does not keep well in time and must be eaten fresh. In addition, the cheese from the Alps and Apennines were all noted for their illinois dui lawyer variety than now. Pliny also a variety of cheese made by the Ligurians , primarily from sheep’s milk, some specimens could reach a weight of about one hundred pounds each. The goat’s milk cheese brought a new taste and appreciated in Rome. The taste was notably improved by the process of smoking based practices Gallic and making a medicinal taste . bakery Pliny also put cheese in reference to more distant origins, beyond the seas, like those of Bithynia in Asia Minor. Type
Main article: Cheeses by type of dough . The cheeses are usually distinguished by their method of manufacture 9 : Hard cheeses: Pressed cheeses uncooked for which the curd is pressed and then refined. Pressed cheeses half-baked Cooked pressed cheeses for which the curd mixture / serum is “cooked” to over 50 ° C and then pressed, salted and matured. The soft cheeses, seeded on the surface with a mold that causes ripening in by the appearance of a crust, which are divided into: Soft cheese rind Soft cheeses, washed rind Soft cheese natural rind Fresh pasta: Fresh cheeses Cheeses spun Cheese fondue , manufactured by an industrial process. Blue-veined cheese and dough moisture internally. The curd is inoculated and drilled so that the fungus grows. One can also distinguish between cheeses in terms of the use of milk from the different animal species or the use of raw milk left: Main article: cheese by milk . Main Cell Phone Accessories article: Raw milk cheese suspension lift kits . Technique
Processing of milk into cheese The Relevant Life Policies physical condition of the milk varies according to age and breed of the animal, the quality of the pasture (cultivated or natural), season, climate of the day. A difference in quality is also maintained between milk and milk directly from trafficking. The cheese will reflect the status and quality of milk that transforms. Of the twelve operations described below, four are required: Skimming (spot): collect the creamy part on the surface of the milk that will be for the manufacture of cream or butter . iPhone Unlock This practice gives the cheese thin, slightly creamy. Heating milk (spot): Concerns the milk or kept in refrigerated tanks due to delayed processing. The milk is allowed to warm to restore the temperature of the milk coming out of the animal’s body, physical condition necessary for renneting. Pasteurization of milk (one-time): the milk is being heated by a process determined to eliminate pathogens (harmful to humans) and increased DLC . In contrast, bacteria are also destroyed 10 . This practice significantly lowers the financial cost of cheese processing because the milk is no longer “alive” (it requires more expensive and bacteriological close in time). The latter is of primary importance in the agricultural industry . Inoculation of milk pasteurized or microfiltered (ad hoc) the practice necessary for milk processing in which only a limited number of bacterial strains is inoculated, which leads to a uniform sensory characteristics 10 . This, then, a defect of this technique. See pasteurized milk sterilized (process UHT ) will need to be enriched with calcium chloride 10 . Renneting (systematic): the cheesemaker adds rennet or ferment milk to curdle (milk separates into two separate dairy products: the curds and whey ). hcg diet plan Lemon juice or vinegar can be used (domestic cheeses). Some people use the method of spontaneous acidification. Cutting with grinding (spot): The cheese runs through the mass of curd with knives in order to obtain grains larger or smaller depending on the type of cheese desired. Drainage (systematic): It reduces the moisture content of cheese. In this step, the whey and curd to separate eventually. Utensils used are the stamen (operation performed before molding) or perforated mold or form (two functions: drainage and molding). Molding (systematic): The molding or Plastic Storage Containers shaping is done in large molds for the wheels, in smaller type for cheeses fourmes even very small for the types camembert, picodon, Pérail, etc.. Pressing (one-time): The pressing operation very physical if the method is very traditional, eliminates excess water. It is done wow gold by hand, with a weight or a mechanical press. Salting (systematic): Immersion in the brine or salted by hand for small cheeses. Quilting (spot): This operation is performed for the manufacture of “blue” by piercing the cheeses to inoculate a fungus. The perforations also serve as corridors to oxygen, in combination with the internal moisture of the cheese, creating an atmosphere conducive to the development of the fungus. Refining (spot): This operation is longer and requires great attention. It takes place in a cave . Each piece of cheese and salt is returned on each side for the formation of the crust. This requires several days of work and special attention on the maturation of cheese the cheese maker must have good provisions such as sensory observation, smell, taste and touch, all combined with good resistance physical case of big cheeses (mechanization possible). The experience in this area is crucial. The drying room (often electric), may be responsible for the soak period. Sometimes, even the walls of the Bankruptcy cellar, because of their porous state, serve as a reservoir for some microbial biodiversity which can participate in a special cheese as well as grass for livestock or race used to produce the milk. Each type of cheese for a successful refinement, require a special room air (temperature humidity) which, by this fact makes Phen375 it impossible ripening of cheese in the same cellar.
Rompage or cutting with grinding
Draining, transfer the curds into molds
Refinement Cheese Farm Main article: Farm cheese . A farmhouse cheese or cheese farm or other appointments that may be thinking that the cheese is made by the farmer-producer of milk can not be said that a cheese made on the farm by the farmers living there. It will be made exclusively from milk produced by animals of the farm and come from a land so restricted. The interest of such cheeses is that they result from a single skill (usually family and sometimes ancient) in areas that may be determinative of the quality of cheese: the choice of breeds or animals; management of flora covering the lawns and meadows ; good behavior of the animals to pasture and well-being; the “snap” a recipe for cheese and its ripening; … All this leads to the existence of cheese with a strong identity. Milk cheese handmade and industrial Cheese or dairy cheese dairy is told of a cheese dairy or cheese manufactured with milk purchased from farmers rearing dairy and mixed together. It happens to the refrigerated dairy. If left to the state of raw milk , it will be heated to 38 ° C for the renneting or gone through a process of pasteurization and then decreased to 38 ° C. Life after purchase
The stall trader and auctions online cheese at a market in the Paris region
This article does not cite enough sources (August 2009) . If you have books or articles reference or if you know of quality websites dealing with the theme here, thank you for giving complete article useful references to its verifiability and linking to the section “Notes and references ” . ( Amend section ) The best way wedding ring to store cheese and improve its refining, is to keep in a cheap auto transport cool cellar, dark, scrabble word finder airy and slightly damp. If you do not have such a place, it may well keep the cheese in the vegetable drawer at the bottom of the fridge , but taking some precautions. Let the cheese in their original packaging, but the wrap with plastic wrap food so they do not absorb odors. Unfortunately, cheese and wrapped passes from one medium aerobically in a medium anaerobic thus changing the organoleptic qualities and therefore the original “character” of the cheese, it will vps hosting become “strong.” Milk fat contained in cheese is one of the most absorbent of odors. Before packing, you should always take the time to wipe the hard cheeses and semi-soft with a paper towel to hinder the development of mold. It is always possible to freeze a hard cheese, but not exceeding three months. We call bell cheese , a tray with a transparent cover to isolate the remaining cheese food contained in a refrigerator. The microbial ecosystem According to the researcher of INRA Marie-Christine Montel, “Cheese is an ecosystem populated by bacteria , to yeasts of fungi that live there as in society, each doing a specific job, all living in a delicate balance between competition and co-operation. (…) safety defensive driving And Cheese is the result of digestion produced by the microbes make their way into the milk at the table. And they are many! We have described more than 200 species in cheese (…) ” 11 . Whether they were well preserved and not developed or with milk spa covers of satisfactory sanitary quality or not, there are two types of bacteria in cheese: Pathogens such as bacteria Listeria monocytogenes in charge of the dreaded listeriosis Germs health indicators such as bacteria Carnobacterium mobile , Marinilactibacillus psychrotolerans , Arthrobacter nicotianae or A. arilaitensis , Arthrobacter ardleyensis or A. 100 day loans bergerei and Brachybactrerium
Also according to the INRA: Marie-Christine Montel: “The loss of microbial diversity of milk by microfiltration and pasteurization fosters the growth of Listeria monocytogenes , which grows more during ripening in cheeses made from pasteurized or microfiltered than in the raw milk ” 12 . And according to Emily Retureau also a researcher at INRA: “The microbial community in raw milk (containing lactic acid bacteria, bacteria Gram-positive to Gram-negative and catalase positive and yeasts) inhibit the growth of Listeria monocytogenes . ” 13 . Other bacteria act: The lactic acid bacteria convert the lactose rapidly. Some bacteria break down amino acids and fatty acids , electronic cigarette more slowly, and are sources of aromas . Economy
Cheese is one of the main products agriculture worldwide. According to FAO , world production rose to over 18 million tonnes in 2004. This is more than the combined annual production of seeds of coffee , leaf tea , cocoa beans and tobacco . The world’s largest producers of cheese are the United States (about 30% of total), followed by Germany, France and Italy. Producing countries The first major dairy to make San Diego Homes For Rent cheese opened in Switzerland on 3 February 1815 [ref. needed] . Currently, dairies and pastures in Switzerland producing more than 450 varieties of cheese 14 . Traditionally, France produced between 350 and 400 different cheeses, or as the saying goes, “a cheese a day of the year” 15 . But now, it produces over 1000 cheeses different 16 . The Great Britain produced over 700 varieties of cheese 17 . Major producers of cheese – 2004 (thousand tons) 18 United States 4327 Germany 1929 France 1827 Italy 1102 Netherlands 672 Poland 535 Brazil 470 Egypt 450 Australia 373 Argentina 370 The United States is the world’s largest producer of cheese. However, they occupy a marginal place in world exports of cheese, most of their production is for the domestic market. France is the world’s largest exporter of cheese in value, while Germany is the first quantity. Among the top ten exporters, only Ireland, New Zealand, the Netherlands and Australia have a cheese production mainly export oriented: respectively 95%, electronic cigarettes 90%, 72% and 65% of their cheese production is exported to 19 . Only 30% of French production is free government grants exported. Major exporting countries of cheese (cow’s milk only) – 2004 (Value in thousands of dollars) 20 France 2658441 Germany 2416973 Netherlands 2099353 Italy 1253580 Denmark 1122761 Australia 643 575 New Zealand 631 Chrome Wire Shelving 963 Belgium 567 590 Ireland 445 240 United Kingdom 374 156 Importing countries Germany is the largest importer of cheese. The United Kingdom and Italy, respectively, two and three importers 21 .
Sales of cheese market by a producer cheese (Fair Saint Siffrein to Carpentras ) Major consuming countries of cheese – 2008 (kg per capita per year) 22 Greece 30,0 (2006) France 24.6 Iceland 23.8 Germany 22.1 Switzerland 21.41 (2009) 23 Italy 21.4 Finland 19.1 (2007) Austria 18.7 Suede 18,4 (2007) Netherlands 17.3 Czech Republic 16.3 Norway 15,4 (2007) United States 15.0 Canada 12.37 United Kingdom 12,2 (2007) Australia 11.8 Argentina 11.5 Poland 10.7 Greece is, with an average payday loan consumption of 30.0 kilograms per capita, the leading consumer of cheese in the world ( Feta accounts for three-quarters of this consumption). France is the second largest consumer of cheese, with 24 kg per capita. The Emmental (used mainly as a cooking ingredient) and Camembert cheeses are the two most consumed in France 24 . Italy is the third engagement ring largest consumer with 22.9 kg per capita. In the U.S., cheese consumption is growing rapidly and has almost tripled between 1970 and 2003. There is high consumption in 2003 to 14.1 kg per capita. Americans’ favorite cheese is of Italian origin, the mozzarella , representing about one third of consumption, mainly because it is one of the main ingredients of another typical Italian food, pizza 25 . Industrial Main article: cheese industry . The main French cheese group are: Lactalis , a French group, 9.5 billion euros in 2007, 34 500 employees . [ ref. desired] Bongrain , a French group, 3.5 billion euros in 2008, 17 700 employees . [ ref. desired] Bel , the French group, 1.9 billion euros in 2007, 11 000 employees . [ ref. desired] There are also many groups around the world, including: Saputo , a Quebec company, 5.1 billion dollars in 2008, 9000 employees . [ ref. desired] This section is empty, insufficiently detailed or incomplete. Your help is welcome! Cheese and health
Rich in calcium , cheese are also rich in saturated fatty acids which have a detrimental effect on the rate of cholesterol . Some believe that too much fat cheeses. However, few studies [ ref. desired] suggest that consumption of fermented milk cheeses have a cholesterol-lowering effect. The nutritional value of cheese is high. The cheeses also contain protein , of vitamins A and B vitamins . Symbolic
An emblem of France Main article: French cheese . The cheese is considered by the French as part of their national heritage. Citations “A meal without cheese is like a beautiful woman who is missing one eye. ” ( The Physiology of Taste , Brillat-Savarin ) “How can you govern a country where there are over 300 kinds of cheese? ” (quote attributed to Charles de Gaulle STD Testing ) Another quote saying that there is in France “as much cheese as days of the year” free auto insurance quotes is often attributed to Charles de Gaulle, but is in fact a sentence of Winston Churchill addressing the General became President of the Republic 26 . Phrases “Between the pear and cheese” at the end of dinner, where the words become lighter. The origin of this expression goes back to the Middle Ages. The custom was that we finish a meal with a spicy fresh fruit and cheese. [ref. required] “Doing a whole cheese” give disproportionate weight to a case.